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Neisseria gonorrhoeae negatiivinen

Adherence of the gonococcus to the ASGP-R is dependent upon the presence of a terminal lacto-N-neotetraose (LNnT) moiety on LOS (96). This moiety mimics human paragloboside and provides one means by which the gonococcus escapes immune recognition. Additionally, the LNnT epitope can serve as a sialic acid acceptor. The importance of the LNnT moiety to gonococcal pathogenesis in men can be inferred from human experimental infection studies and from clinical data obtained from men with naturally acquired gonorrhea, which demonstrate that LNnT is selected for in vivo (33, 118, 210). One study demonstrates that gonococci bearing the LNnT moiety on their LOS exhibit enhanced infectivity in humans (210). It is thought that serum resistance conferred by LOS sialylation allows a greater proportion of gonococci to survive the harsh microenvironment of the urethral lumen during disease (184, 185, 225). Consequently, a lower infectious dose is required to establish disease because a greater proportion of the infection inoculum survive and proliferate.The human male experimental challenge model (48) and the development of a primary human male urethral epithelial cell culture system (97) have greatly enhanced our knowledge of the specific factors involved in early events permitting N. gonorrhoeae colonization of the urethral epithelium. These models do not evaluate cellular and molecular events occurring with sustained infection. Additionally, clinical observations and data obtained from in vitro infection studies suggest that conclusions drawn from the study of these male infection models cannot be extrapolated to pertain to infection in women. The severity of adverse complications associated with N. gonorrhoeae infection in women ethically limits human studies to male volunteers. Microscopic analyses of clinical biopsies (64, 67, 69, 120) and of male urethral exudates (5) have provided some insight into successful gonococcal infection as it occurs in vivo, but these analyses are also not without caveats in that they are subject to personal observation and interpretation. Additionally, observations made cannot be correlated to pertain to any given time point postinfection. Synonym: Gonokokken Englisch: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, gonococci. Des Weiteren verfügt Neisseria gonorrhoeae über Eisenfangsysteme, die das Wachstum dieser Bakterienspezies fördern

Difference between Neisseria gonorrhoeae - Microbiology Info

Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococcus , or gonococci is a species of Gram-negative For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Neisseria gonorrhoeae The majority of gonococci transmitted from men to their partners have sialylated LOS. However, the presence or the absence of sialic acid on LOS does not influence the interaction of the gonococcus with primary cervical epithelial cells (63). It is interesting to speculate that within the lower female genital tract sialylated gonococci may become modified to enhance disease transmission to men. That is, neuraminidases produced by the vaginal microflora can potentially remove sialic acid from sialylated gonococci. Cervical epithelia also produce neuraminidase; however, the specificity of this enzyme to cleave endogenous or exogenous substrates exhibits cyclic variability (187). The level of sialic acid found within the microenvironment of the cervix also exhibits cyclic variation (187).Gonococcal porin increases formyl-methionine-leucine-phenylalanine-mediated hydrogen peroxide production in PMNs upon engagement with opsonized bacteria (20, 92). Similarly, an approximate 6.9-fold increase in lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence and a 3.8-fold increase in luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence, which are indicative of NADPH oxidase- and MPO-associated responses, respectively, are observed for porin treated, formyl-methionine-leucine-phenylalanine-stimulated PMNs (142). However, in the presence of viable gonococci or cytochalasin B, which prevents phagolysosome formation, the porin-induced MPO-associated response is significantly decreased (142). This suggests that porin may play a role in preventing the release of reactive oxygen species from PMNs to the extracellular milieu (142), which was observed by Naids and Rest (177) and which is consistent with the degranulation inhibition attributed to the action of porin (21, 93, 142). Art of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a gram-negative bacteria responsible for the sexually transmitted disease called gonorrhea. Arte de Neisseria gonorrhoeae, uma bactéria gram-negativa.. SUMMARY The molecular mechanisms used by the gonococcus to initiate infection exhibit gender specificity. The clinical presentations of disease are also strikingly different upon comparison of gonococcal urethritis to gonococcal cervicitis. An intimate association occurs between the gonococcus and the urethral epithelium and is mediated by the asialoglycoprotein receptor. Gonococcal interaction with the urethral epithelia cell triggers cytokine release, which promotes neutrophil influx and an inflammatory response. Similarly, gonococcal infection of the upper female genital tract also results in inflammation. Gonococci invade the nonciliated epithelia, and the ciliated cells are subjected to the cytotoxic effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha induced by gonococcal peptidoglycan and lipooligosaccharide. In contrast, gonococcal infection of the lower female genital tract is typically asymptomatic. This is in part the result of the ability of the gonococcus to subvert the alternative pathway of complement present in the lower female genital tract. Gonococcal engagement of complement receptor 3 on the cervical epithelia results in membrane ruffling and does not promote inflammation. A model of gonococcal pathogenesis is presented in the context of the male and female human urogenital tracts.

Глава 17. Гонококки. Neisseria gonorrhoeae входят в семейство Neisseriaceae, род Neisseria Neisseria gonorrhoeae (chez l'homme) - Définition : Genre de bactérie appartenant à la famille des Neisseriaceœ qui comprend Neisseria gonorrhoeae forme des colonies oxydase positives Special Issue Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections. Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, Moncada, Spain Interests: Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Antibiotic resistance; Antibiotic development; QSAR and.. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. 5 résultats triés par date affichage des articles n° 1 à 19. La gonorrhée. d'ADN afin d'améliorer le dépistage des bactéries Chlamydia trachomatis et Neisseria gonorrhoeae This paper is not a global review of neisserial pathogenesis but rather attempts to incorporate into a working model recent advances made in understanding the molecular factors involved in gonococcal infection and in disease progression and transmission. It is hoped that assembling such a model in the context of the human male and female (uro)genital tracts (Fig. 1) will complement our understanding of gonococcal pathogenesis at the level of human disease. The reader is directed to the writings of several researchers who have eloquently reviewed specific factors currently thought to contribute to neisserial pathogenesis (55, 102, 163, 192).

Interaction of the gonococcus with male urethral epithelia. (A) Transmission electron micrograph of a urethral epithelial cell within a urethral exudate obtained from a male with naturally acquired gonococcal urethritis. Gonococci are indicated by arrows. (B) Scanning electron micrograph of primary male urethral epithelial cells after a 2-h infection. Notice the intimate association that occurs between the gonococcal and the host cell membranes in both panels. Magnifications, ×23,000 (A) and×40,000 (B).Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Neisseria gonorrhoeae — the specific etiologic agent of gonorrhea, occurring typically as pairs of flattened cells, found primarily in purulent venereal discharges Medical dictionary 1 Introducción  Neisseria gonorrhoeae es el agente etiológico de la gonorrea, Enfermedad de Transmisión Sexual (ETS) que tiene un reservorio humano exclusivo. Es una infección de notificación.. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Article (PDF Available) in Revista chilena de infectologia: organo oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectologia 34(3):263-264 · June 2017 with 253 Reads. How we measure 'reads'

Гонорея викликається гонококом Нейсера (Neisseria gonorrhoeae), грамнегативними диплококами, які розташовуються внутрішньоклітинно. При несприятливих умовах або.. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Zuletzt aktualisiert am: 24.10.2017. Autor: Prof. (1987) Untersuchungen eines monoklonalen Co-Agglutinationstestes zur Identifikation von Neisseria gonorrhoae

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Neisseria gonorrhoeae pathogenesis - YouTub

Bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Neisseria gonorrhoeae diplococci bacteria, 3D Illustration. Yellow bacteria lactose ferment colony on agar experiment microbiology Definitions for NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. Princeton's WordNet(0.00 / 0..

Download as PDFSet alertAbout this pageNeisseria gonorrhoeaeGordon G. McSheffrey, Scott D. Gray-Owen, in Molecular Medical Microbiology (Second Edition), 2015 A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Domain: Bacteria. Phylum: Probacteria. Class: Beta Probacteria Order: Neisseriales. Family: Neisseriaceae. Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Opa proteins are thought to contribute to the cellular trophisms exhibited by gonococci and are divided into two classes based on their ability to differentially recognize host cell surface molecules. These classes are represented by Opa50, i.e., Opa proteins that recognize host cell heparin sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG), and Opa52, i.e., Opa proteins that recognize members of the carcinoembryonic antigen-related family of cell adhesion molecules (CEACAM or CD66) (40). Vitronectin (61, 62, 81) and fibronectin (250) function as required bridging molecules between the gonococcus and its target HSPG receptor(s). Association with an integrin coreceptor (αvβ3 or αvβ5 for vitronectin-mediated adherence or αvβ1 for fibronectin-mediated adherence) triggers a signaling cascade within the target cell that is dependent upon the activation of protein kinase C (55). Morphologie und Eigenschaften: Neisseria gonorrhoeae (syn. Neisseria gonorrhoeae in PMN, Urethralabstrich bei gonorrhoischer Urethritis, Gram-Färbung

The Molecular Mechanisms Used by Neisseria gonorrhoeae To

  1. _Neisseria gonorrhoeae _ este agentul cauzal al unei infecții transmise pe cale sexuală. Culturile celulare sunt utilizate în mod normal pentru detecţia Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  2. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. advertisement. Gonorrhoea Rzeżączka jest chorobą zakaźną wywoływaną przez Gram-ujemną bakterię - dwoinkę rzeżączki(Neisseria gonorrhoeae) Źródłem zakażenia jest..
  3. ates to distal tissues.
  4. Gonococci colocalize with CR3 in vivo. Clinical biopsies were obtained from women with culture-documented gonococcal cervicitis and immunoprocessed for confocal microscopy. CR3 present on the cervical cell surface is visible as green fluorescence, and gonococci are visible as red fluorescence. Colocalization of the gonococcus with CR3 occurs as yellow fluorescence because of the combined signal of the two fluorophores. Areas of colocalization are indicated by arrows. Magnification, ×40.
  5. Neisseria gonorrhoeae (often called gonococcus) causes gonorrhoea, the second most common sexually transmitted disease (STDs) of worldwide importance (Chlamydial infections are more..
  6. Katherine K. Hsu, ... Jay M. Lieberman, in Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Fourth Edition), 2012

Gonorrhée (Neisseria gonorrhoeae). La gonorrhée, une des maladies vénériennes les plus communes, peut facilement Prices include 20% VAT. Sizes: Gonorrhée (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) Michael W. Russell, Edward W. HookIII, in Vaccines for Biodefense and Emerging and Neglected Diseases, 2009 Neisseria gonorrhoeae, también conocida como gonococo es una especie de bacteria Gramnegativas a forma de Neisseria gonorrhoeae fue descrita por primera vez por Albert Neisser en 1879 Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Name. Homonyms. Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Zopf, 1885) Trevisan, 1885. Bibliographic References CEACAMs exist as variable isoforms that are differentially expressed by a variety of different cell types. Two isoforms, CEACAM1 (or CD66a) and CEACAM5 (or CD66e), are found on some epithelial cells. Although Opa proteins have been demonstrated to colocalize with CEACAM in tissue culture cell lines (45, 86, 252, 253), CEACAM expression is altered in immortal cells (108, 110, 133, 138, 179, 181, 213), and therefore an Opa-CEACAM interaction at the level of the mucosal epithelia may or may not actually occur in vivo. However, Virji et al. have suggested that more than 95% of Opa-expressing N. gonorrhoeae clinical isolates are able to bind CEACAM1, suggesting that an Opa-CEACAM association can occur in vivo (253). Opa-CEACAM interactions have also been demonstrated on professional phagocytic cells (1, 44, 87, 252). CEACAM engagement on professional phagocytic cells results in the activation of the host cell Src tyrosine kinases, Hck and Fgr (221), which is then followed by Rac activation (103). Rac activation, in turn, triggers cytoskeletal rearrangement and internalization of the gonococcus (103).

3.2.4 Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Start studying Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Learn vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games Replication of N. gonorrhoeae. 1. Colonizes mucous membranes - Urogenital tract of males and.. La Neisseria gonorrhoeae o gonococo es una bacteria Gram-negativa, oxidasa positiva, aeróbica, nutricionalmente fastidiosa, que microscópicamente aparece como diplococos Case Study 2 Group 4. Neisseria gonorrhoeae images from neisseria.org. Characteristics. Gram Negative Diplococcus. Can be Found Inside of WBC's. Incubation 2 to 5 days Attaches to urethral or.. neisseria gonorrhoeae. şükela: tümü | bugün. gonore hastalıgına sebep olan bir tür bakteri*.. Overview: Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming Figure 2. These were two culture plates used to grow colonies of Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria

This bacteriology lecture will explain the general properties of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and it also explains the disease caused, pathogenesis and treatment.. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a pathogen only of humans. Gonorrhea, one of the oldest known human illnesses, continues to result in significant morbidity; an estimated 106 million cases occur worldwide each year.1 In the United States, gonorrhea is the second most frequently reported communicable disease after Chlamydia trachomatis.2 The reader is referred to organism- or syndrome-specific chapters for the overall approach to genital tract infections. The major public health impact of the sexually transmitted infection (STI) gonorrhea is acute salpingitis, which is one of the leading causes of infertility in women around the world. Gonorrhea also is a potent amplifier of the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), by increasing rates of HIV sexual transmission up to fivefold.3 Definitions of neisseria gonorrhoeae. What is neisseria gonorrhoeae: the pus-producing bacterium that causes gonorrhea Neisseria gonorrhoeae. species of bacterium. Neisseria gonorrhoeae (es); Neisseria gonorrhoeae (hu); Neisseria gonorrhoeae (eu); Neisseria gonorrhoeae (ast); gonococ (ca).. The host-adapted human pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the causative agent of gonorrhoea. @article{Quillin2018NeisseriaGH, title={Neisseria gonorrhoeae host adaptation and pathogenesis}..

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a bacterial pathogen responsible for gonorrhoea and various sequelae that tend to occur when asymptomatic infection ascends within the genital tract or disseminates to distal tissues. Global rates of gonorrhoea continue to rise, facilitated by the emergence of broad-spectrum antibiotic resistance that has recently afforded the bacteria ‘superbug’ status. N. gonorrhoeae is exquisitely adapted to life in humans, having evolved novel strategies to succeed in their restricted mucosal niche. Gonococci also represent a paradigm for bacterial immune evasion due to its genetically plastic lifestyle and ability to directly suppress otherwise protective adaptive responses, allowing the bacteria to persist within an infected individual and re-infect individuals who have had prior infection. This chapter highlights unique aspects of the gonococcal lifestyle, including consideration of genetic and biochemical processes that allow ongoing antigenic variability and molecular interactions at the host–pathogen interface that contribute to the ongoing success of this globally important pathogen.N. gonorrhoeae is an important sexually transmitted pathogen and a major cofactor in HIV-1 infection. Interestingly, N. gonorrhoeae uses different cellular receptors and signaling pathways to infect women and men. N. gonorrhoeae sialylates the terminal N-acetyllactosamine present on its lipooligosaccharide (LOS) by acquiring CMP-Neu5Ac upon entering human cells during infection. This renders the organism resistant to killing by complement in normal human serum.106 Infection in men is dependent on the availability of a terminal galactose residue on the gonococcal LOS.107 In contrast, gonococcal invasion of primary cervical epithelial cells is not affected by sialylation of the LOS structure.108 Thus, N-acetyllactosamine residues on LOS must be free of Neu5Ac in order for N. gonorrhoeae to bind to and enter urethral epithelial cells during infection in men. Women with gonococcal infections have levels of sialidases present in cervicovaginal secretions that can result in desialylation of (sialylated) gonococcal LOS, enhancing successful transmission to men.109 Neisseria gonorrhoeae (n.) 1.the pus-producing bacterium that causes gonorrhea. 2.(MeSH)A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria primarily found in purulent venereal discharges Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Contents. 1 Background

Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection of the Female Genital Tract

Synonyms for Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Free Thesaurus. Neisseria gonorrhoeae synonyms, Neisseria gonorrhoeae antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com La Neisseria gonorrhoeae o gonococo es una bacteria Gram-negativa, oxidasa positiva, aeróbica, nutricionalmente fastidiosa, que microscópicamente aparece como diplococos Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitidis are both Gram Negative Bacteria. They are diplococci, non-sporing, non-motile and oxidase positive. But they have some differences which are..

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a bacterial pathogen responsible for gonorrhoea and various sequelae that tend to occur when asymptomatic infection ascends within the genital tract or disseminates to distal.. Neisseria gonorrhoeae definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now Within normal human serum, the interaction of the gonococcus with complement is governed by factors that are distinctly different from those observed at the level of the cervical epithelium; most notable is the presence of classical pathway (CP) complement components. Several studies have indicated that the CP serves as the primary mechanism of complement-mediated killing of gonococci. The ability of gonococci of a particular isotype to inactivate the CP, therefore, confers a considerable survival advantage to these bacteria and increases their ability to cause disease.

Alibaba.com offers 56 neisseria gonorrhoeae products. A wide variety of neisseria gonorrhoeae options are available to you Related Searches for neisseria gonorrhoeae Search for Neisseria gonorrhoeae at other dictionaries: OneLook, Oxford, American Heritage, Merriam-Webster, Wikipedia Neisseria gonorrhoeae conjunctivitis. File Size: 63 KB. Related: Neisseria conjunctivitis, Gonorrhoeae

Neisseria gonorrhoeae - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

  1. This preview shows page 13 - 19 out of 23 pages. Gonorrhea Neisseria gonorrhoeae/ Ceftriaxone or azithromycin Blindness in newborn ?asymptomatic in women. Purulent, greenish yellow vaginal DC..
  2. gly random process, would be subject to variable selective environmental pressures dependent upon a chosen model system. Therefore, in selecting a model system by which to study gonococcal pathogenesis, it is paramount to consider the specific question under study.
  3. Bakterie Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonokok), byla objevena roku 1879 německým lékařem Albertem Neisserem, po němž je také pojmenována. Způsobuje pohlavně přenosnou chorobu gonorhoeaeu, česky zvanou kapavka
  4. Katherine K. Hsu, Zoon Wangu, in Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Fifth Edition), 2018
  5. N gonorrhoeae is spread by sexual contact or through transmission during childbirth. Gonorrhea is a purulent infection of the mucous membrane surfaces caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  6. Alternative Title: Neisseria gonorrhoeae. gonorrheaCutaneous gonococcal lesion caused by Neisseria gonorrhea bacterial infection that has spread throughout the body. Dr. Wiesner/Centers for Disease..
  7. Abstract : Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae can colonize humans without causing any symptoms. However, gonorrhea and invasive meningococcal disease are serious health concerns

Differences between Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococcus (singular), or gonococci (plural) is a species of Gram-negative diplococci bacteria. It causes the sexually transmitted genitourinary infection gonorrhea as well as other forms of gonococcal disease including disseminated gonococcemia, septic arthritis.. Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as N. gonorrhoeae to its friends, is a gram-negative oval bacterium that infects humans, causing a number of infections including gonorrhea Some LOS structures can serve as acceptor molecules for sialic acid deposition. LOS sialylation is mediated by gonococcus-encoded sialyltransferase (147, 150) that is present in the gonococcal outer membrane (218). The gonococcus lacks the ability to synthesize CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid and must parasitize this substrate from its human host (6, 74, 185, 225). The presence of sialic acid on gonococcal LOS confers unstable resistance to the bactericidal action of normal human serum, i.e., serum resistance (178, 184, 185, 186, 225); however, it also impairs Opa-mediated entry into some cell lines (249). This has led to the suggestion that LOS antigenic phase variation may allow the gonococcus to fluctuate between invasive and serum-resistant phenotypes and thus promote bacterial survival in vivo (249). This idea is supported by the work of Shafer and colleagues, who have recently provided evidence that phase variation, resulting in elongated LOS structures, also increases the serum sensitivity of gonococci bearing these structures (216). Additionally, although it has not been examined for the gonococcus, recent studies performed with Neisseria meningitidis have demonstrated that the oligosaccharide determinant of LOS may also influence the defensin-enhanced mucosal adherence observed with these bacteria (83). Diplococ (bacterie de forma sferica), coc asociat in grupuri de doi, ca boabele de cafea) Este un germen gram negativ, responsabil..

Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococci (plural), or gonococcus (singular), is a species of Gram-negative coffee bean-shaped diplococci bacteria responsible for the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea. N. gonorrhoeae was first described by Albert Neisser in 1879 Neisseria gonorrhoeae rarely causes conjunctivitis but is important to consider because infection can lead to corneal ulceration and blindness.8,9 The organism binds avidly to surface receptors on the conjunctivae and cornea, triggering the release of bacterial toxins and inflammatory enzymes that damage the corneal epithelium and underlying collagenous stroma. Clinical hallmarks of infection are the onset of purulent conjunctivitis after an incubation period of less than 7 days and the presence of corneal opacification. Unusual cases of infection after incubation periods of up to 19 days and infection associated with minimal symptoms have been reported.10,11 Beyond the neonatal period, gonococcal conjunctivitis is a result of sexual activity or abuse.12 N. gonorrhoeae can be isolated from the pharynx, rectum, or genital mucosa as well as conjunctivae. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gonorrhoea is the second most common bacterial sexually-transmitted infection in the UK, after chlamydia. Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) is a gram-negative diplococcus Scanning and transmission electron microscopy demonstrates that membrane ruffling occurs upon gonococcal cervical infection in vitro and in vivo. Membrane ruffling is observed after a 90-min infection of primary endocervical cells (A) and after a 2-h infection of primary ectocervical cells (B and D). A large membrane protrusion (small arrows) surrounds a gonococcus in a clinical biopsy obtained from a woman with culture-documented gonococcal cervicitis and is indicative of membrane ruffling (C). Additionally, this bacterium is found residing within a large spacious structure (large arrows), which is also suggestive of membrane ruffling (C). Panel D shows a high magnification of the gonococcus wrapped in the membrane ruffle shown in panel B. Gonococci are indicated by arrows in panels A, B, and D. Magnifications, ×11,000 (A), ×13,000 (B), ×40,000 (C), and ×45,000 (D).

Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Video, Anatomy & Definition Osmosi

  1. Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Tablo 1: Neisseria gonorrhoeae nin erkek, kadın, gebe ve Neisseria gonorrhoeae bütün dünyada akut salpenjit ve Pelvik İnflamatuar Hastalık (PİH) ın en sık etkenidir
  2. N. gonorrhoeae is one of two pathogenic species of the genus Neisseria, the other being Neisseria meningitidis (Sparling, 1999). Neisseria is classified in the family Neisseriaceae within the phylum Proteobacteria (β subgroup) of the Eubacteria (Janda and Gaydos, 2007). N. gonorrhoeae typically appears as an aerobic gram-negative diplococcus that lacks a polysaccharide capsule (Fig. 49.1). It is nutritionally demanding, requiring enriched media such as chocolate agar or modified Thayer-Martin agar for growth. In the past, diagnosis has usually depended on microscopy and culture (Janda and Gaydos, 2007), but in developed nations nucleic acid amplification tests have been found somewhat more sensitive and easier to use (Peeling et al., 2006), and have become the preferred method for diagnosis of urogenital infection.
  3. ent publications in the field, delivering up-to-date and authoritative coverage of both basic and clinical microbiology.

Immunity to N. gonorrhoeae is a topic that until recently has been hard to define, because there is currently no clearly established state of immunity to gonorrhea in humans.. Aka: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Gonococcal Infection, Gonorrhea, Gonococcus, Gonococci These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term Neisseria gonorrhoeae Neisseria gonorrhoeae  Neisseria gonorrhoeae has same morphological and cultural characters as N. meningitidis.  Gramnegative oval cocci occuring in pairs with the apposed surfaces flat or even.. Figure 49.1. N. gonorrhoeae in a gram-stained smear of exudate from a case of gonorrhea. Note the presence of gram-negative diplococci within neutrophil leukocytes.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection

The most common site of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection is the urogenital tract. Men with this infection may experience dysuria with penile discharge, and women may have mild vaginal.. Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae with over 350,000 cases reported in 2014, a 5.1% increase from the prior year and a 10.5% increase since 2010 [2]. Unlike chlamydia.. neisseria gonorrhoeaesex. The bacteria that causes the disease gonorrhea. The gonorrhea you HAVE is CAUSED by the bacteria neisseria gonorrhoeae Sialylation of gonococci occurs within the male urogenital tract (6, 149, 210). Sialylation of the LNnT epitope, in vitro, impairs the ability of gonococci to invade primary urethral epithelial cells (96) and epithelial cell lines (249, 251) and to be phagocytosed by neutrophils (131, 201). These data are supported by one study in which, in vivo, sialylation of gonococci also impaired the ability of these organisms to cause disease in human volunteers (212). Gonococcal infectivity is restored with sialic acid removal by neuraminidase or, presumably, by the replication of gonococci within the lumen of the urethra in the absence of host-derived CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid. Neuraminidase (158, 232) and the ASGP-R (98) are present on human sperm. Neuraminidase is also present on the surface of professional phagocytic cells (51), which are, generally, abundant in the urethral lumen under conditions favoring progressive gonococcal disease. Sialylated gonococci in proximity to any of these cells might then be expected to become desialylated through exogenous neuraminidase activity. It can be speculated that subsequent gonococcal adherence to the ASGP-R on sperm (98) would then, in turn, facilitate disease transmission.N. gonorrhoeae can be isolated from culture of pharyngeal swabs or orogastric fluid in about one-third of infants with ophthalmia neonatorum.39,40 Examples of neonatal mucosal infections include vaginitis (uncommon because neonatal vaginal mucosa is well estrogenized by circulating maternal hormone), urethritis, rhinitis, anorectal infection, and funisitis. N. gonorrhoeae scalp abscess can follow fetal electrode monitoring.41,42

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Neisseria gonorrhoeae - Vircel

NOTE: We request your email address only to inform the recipient that it was you who recommended this article, and that it is not junk mail. We do not retain these email addresses. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Carbohydrate utilization of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: N. gonorrhoeae will oxidise glucose, not maltose, sucrose, or lactose; N.. Find out information about Neisseria gonorrhoeae. A gram-negative coccus pathogen that causes the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea. Also known as gonococcus Explanation of Neisseria.. Neisseria gonorrhoeae TCDC-NG08107. Taxonomy ID: 940296 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid940296). Neisseria gonorrhoeae str. TCDC-NG08107 Reference to N. gonorrhoeae infection can be found in biblical text within the Book of Leviticus (229) and in ancient Chinese writings (95), making gonorrhea one of the oldest diseases known to humans. Hippocrates referred to acute gonorrhea as “strangury” obtained from the “pleasures of Venus” in the fourth and fifth centuries b.c. (229). It was not until A.D. 130 that Galen, who mistakenly confused the purulent discharge associated with gonococcal urethritis with semen, introduced the term gonorrhea, i. e., “flow of seed” (95, 229). The most notable account of N. gonorrhoeae infection is found in the personal diary of James Boswell, the famous biographer of Samuel Johnson. Within these pages, Boswell described more than 19 separate infections with the gonococcus, the consequences of which ultimately led to his death (182). Boswell also described what might possibly be the consequence of asymptomatic infection in women, in that his wife, who reportedly never exhibited symptoms of gonococcal infection, lost four of her nine pregnancies (182). Neisser described the causative agent of gonorrhea, N. gonorrhoeae, in 1879; however, it was not until 1882 that Leistikow and Löffler finally cultivated the gonococcus (95, 229).

Genul Neisseria cuprinde 10 specii ce pot avea habitat în organismul uman, din care 2 sunt patogene, Neisseria meningitidis şi Neisseria gonorrhoeae Primary cell and organ culture systems have also been developed to examine the gonococcal interaction within the lower and upper female genital tracts; however, these systems are site specific, and, consequently, a global analysis of the female genital tract is not possible. The female genital tract is composed of a heterogeneous mixture of epithelia, forming a complex microenvironment which is not easily replicated in vitro and which is subject to change concurrent with a woman's menses cycle. Thus, it is possible that data obtained from primary cell and organ culture might provide only a small hint of gonococcal pathogenesis as it occurs in vivo at any site within the female genital tract. The development of a female mouse model of genital tract infection has served and will continue to serve as a valuable tool by which to study gonococcal pathogenesis in an immunologically defined environment (116, 132, 243). However, it is currently not clear whether data obtained from the mouse model of female genital tract infection is reflective of infection as it occurs within the human female genital tract, because mice fail to express several human-specific receptors (e.g., CR3, CD46, and CEACAM) that are believed to play critical roles in potentiating gonococcal disease. Additionally, high levels of estrogen are required to establish infection in mice (116, 243), and the contribution of increased estrogen to the data obtained is not known (15). Odkryj Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infection stockowych obrazów w HD i miliony innych beztantiemowych zdjęć stockowych, ilustracji i wektorów w kolekcji Shutterstock

B. Antibiotic resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae Summary of section B B1. Current drug resistance problems and trends B1.1 Collection, validity and relevance of susceptibility data B1.2 Sources of data.. Several groups have demonstrated that pili play a critical role in forming an initial attachment with host cells (28, 29, 48, 155, 128, 238). Through their ability to exhibit twitching motility, pili may also provide one mechanism by which nonmotile gonococci are able to colonize and to ascend mucosal surfaces (106, 256). The complement regulatory protein, CD46 (or membrane cofactor receptor), is a human-specific, transmembrane protein that is expressed by all nucleated cells. In some cells, CD46 has been demonstrated to serve as a receptor for gonococcal pilus (124, 126). In ME-180 cervical carcinoma cells, the association of pili with CD46 results in a rapid cytoplasmic calcium flux derived from intracellular calcium stores (125). In a separate study using the A431 epidermoid carcinoma cell line, a pilus-induced calcium flux resulted in the exocytosis of host cell lysosomal contents, with some lysosome-associated membrane protein 1 (Lamp1) redistribution to the plasma membrane (12, 13). Pilus engagement has also been demonstrated to play a role in host cell cytoskeletal rearrangements (90, 161, 162). Collectively, these data suggest that pili modulate host cell signaling mechanisms to aid gonococcal epithelial invasion.

Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Disease, Pathogenesis and Laboratory

  1. Neisseria gonorrhoeae (bacteria). Especie bacteriana gram negativa que forma diplococos. Es el agente causante de la gonorrea, enfermedad de transmisión sexual. También es responsable de la oftalmía neonatal, este es un parásito exclusivo de los humanos..
  2. Taxonomy - Neisseria gonorrhoeae (SPECIES). Basket 0. ›Diplococcus gonorrhoeae (Zopf 1885) Lehmann and Neumann 1896 ›Gonococcus neisseri Lindau 1898 ›Merismopedia gonorrhoeae..
  3. ed by using primary urethral epithelial cells, nor has a pilus-CD46 interaction been shown in male exudates; consequently, it is not clear whether CD46 serves as the pilus receptor within the male urethra. Pilus expression, however, is required for successful infection of the urethral epithelium.
  4. Notes from the Field: Increase in Neisseria meningitidis-Associated Urethritis Among Men at Two Sentinel Clinics — Columbus, Ohio, and Oakland County, Michigan, 2015 - MMWR June 3, 2016

Future work in this field that focuses on pathogen-derived factors involved in the initiation and maintainance of infection and on the host molecules that mediate the host response to N. gonorrhoeae is essential to identify vaccination strategies aimed at reducing the burden of gonococcal-associated diseases.101 Гонокок (neisseria gonorrhoeae) є збудником важкого венеричного захворювання, що вражає органи сечостатевої системи. Гонорея — антропонозна інфекція, що викликає гнійне запалення.. Analysis of clinical biopsies obtained from women with culture-documented gonococcal cervicitis and infection studies performed with primary human cervical epithelial cells indicate that CR3 serves as the primary receptor for N. gonorrhoeae adherence to and invasion of the ectocervix and endocervix (Fig. 1 and 3) (64). Binding of gonococcal pilus to the I domain of CR3 (65) probably allows the gonococcus to overcome the electrostatic repulsion between its own cell surface and that of the cervical cell and may juxtapose the gonococcus at the cervical cell surface, where complement concentrations would be expected to allow efficient opsonization for the subsequent intimate adherence of iC3b and gonococcal porin to the I-domain. Binding of the gonococcus to CR3 requires the cooperative action of iC3b bound to the gonococcal surface in conjunction with gonococcal porin and pilus (65). Opa proteins do not appear to be required for adherence to or invasion of primary cervical epithelial cells (65, 240). Engagement of CR3 on primary cervical epithelial cells results in vinculin- and ezrin-enriched focal complex formation before membrane ruffle formation (67). A signal transduction cascade that is dependent upon the activation of wortmannin-sensitive kinases (i.e., phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase or mitogen-activated protein kinases) (67) and Rho GTPases (64) initiates ruffling (Fig. 4). Gonococci are then internalized within macropinosomes (67).PMN activation results in an oxidative burst within these cells (reviewed in references 94 and 164), which is dependent upon NADPH oxidase assembly at the phagosome membrane and on the reduction of molecular oxygen to superoxide anion (O2−). O2− is converted to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which serves as the substrate for a more sustained PMN oxidative response and which includes myeloperoxidase (MPO)-dependent generation of hypohalous acids, potent cytotoxic oxidants, including hypochlorous acid (HOCl). It is generally thought that HOCl and other reactive oxidants associated with MPO activity serve as the primary antimicrobial agents of the bacterial phagolysosome. The ability of porin to modify cellular responses generated with PMN engagement and activation, therefore, has significant consequences to disease progression. 10 Neisseria gonorrhoeae Neisseria gonorrhoeae described by Albert Neisser in 1879 Observed in smears of purulent exudates of urethritis, cervicitis, opthalmia neonatorum Thayer Martin medium..

Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzung für: Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Neisseria gonorrhoeae in anderen Sprachen: Deutsch - Englisch Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Share Please note that Internet Explorer version 8.x is not supported as of January 1, 2016. Please refer to this page for more information. CARACTÉRISTIQUES: Neisseria gonorrhoeae appartient au genre Neisseria de la famille des NeisseriaceaeNote de bas de page 2. Il s'agit d'une bactérie Gram négatif, non sporulée, non mobile.. Neisseria gonorrhoeae, bel soğukluğu hastalığından sorumlu bakteridir. Neisseria çoğalmak için kompleks besiyerlerine ihtiyaç duymakta ve yağ asidi gibi etkenler üremesine ters etkide bulunmaktadır

(PDF) Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Gonorrhea: Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, and Mor

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Chapter 307) is a common cause of polyarthralgias and arthritis as well as oligoarticular arthritis and tenosynovitis in young, healthy patients. Disseminated gonococcal infection occurs in 0.5 to 3% of patients with gonorrhea (Chapter 307). Many of of these patients have arthritis. Disseminated gonococcal infection and septic arthritis due to N. gonorrhoeae occur two to three times more often in women than in men. Most patients do not have a recent history of a symptomatic genital infection. The incidence of gonococcal arthritis is 133 cases per 100,000 population per year. Predisposing factors for disseminated gonococcal infection with arthritis include pregnancy, recent menstruation, complement deficiencies (C5, C6, C7, or C8), and systemic lupus erythematosus.

Category:Neisseria gonorrhoeae - Wikimedia Common

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